Have you recently noticed itching in the vaginal area and/or a burning sensation every time you urinate? If so, you may have developed a vaginal yeast infection. It could be vaginal candidiasis, a condition generally caused by the fungus Candida albicans , although it can also be caused by the entry of other fungal agents into our body.
Candidiasis is very common, it is estimated that between 70 and 75% of women of reproductive age will suffer from this infection at least once in their lives, and between 40 and 50% of them will suffer from recurrent fungal infections.
For this reason, it is important that we detect it in time to be able to treat it. If you want to know what the symptoms and treatment of vaginal yeast infections are, we recommend that you continue reading this article.
How do you get a vaginal yeast infection?
Vaginal yeast infection is a condition caused by the fungus Candida albicans , which proliferates in the cell layers of the vagina due to an imbalance in the vaginal pH. This imbalance can cause an alteration in the vaginal flora, giving rise to the proliferation of fungi in the area and can cause discomfort.
Some microorganisms, especially lactobacillus, are responsible for preventing the growth of fungi such as Candida Albicans, so when this imbalance occurs, it begins to grow excessively, thus causing a vaginal infection.
In addition to this cause, there may be other factors that increase the risk of a vaginal yeast infection, including:
- Frequent use of some antibiotics. We should only take antibiotics under medical supervision, consulting a specialist before the appearance of any bothersome symptoms.
- Changes in estrogen levels, such as those that occur during pregnancy, can also promote vaginal pH imbalance, causing yeast infections.
- Certain health conditions, such as diabetes or having a weakened immune system, can also contribute to yeast infection.
Symptoms of vaginal yeast infections
When the Candida albicans fungus has penetrated the deeper cell layers of the vagina, the following symptoms of an intimate yeast infection occur:
- Itching and irritation in the vagina, as well as in other nearby areas, such as the vulva.
- Burning sensation that becomes more acute when we urinate or during sexual intercourse.
- Pain in the vaginal area.
- Appearance of vaginal eruptions.
- Inflammation of the vulva.
- Vaginal secretions: these can be watery in appearance or thick in texture, odorless and whitish in tone.
Treatment of vaginal yeast infections
The treatment of vaginal candidiasis usually depends on both the severity and the number of times we have experienced this type of infection.
If the symptoms of the infection do not disappear after approximately a week or become more persistent, you will have to consult your doctor again so that he can assign you a more appropriate treatment.
How to prevent vaginal yeast infections
Although it is important to know both the symptoms and the treatment of these types of conditions, it is also important to know how we can prevent a vaginal infection. Therefore, below, we will give you a series of recommendations that will help you avoid the appearance of a vaginal yeast infection:
Do not wear very tight underwear
These types of garments prevent our body from perspiring properly, which causes excessive sweating. Therefore, it is recommended that you wear loose clothing and comfortable and breathable materials such as cotton.
Use special intimate hygiene products for the vaginal area
Many times, we use bath gels, scented wipes and other products that can alter the delicate pH of the vagina. To avoid an imbalance of this, it is preferable that you use specific products for this area that help balance the vaginal pH.
This recommendation is essential if you frequently suffer from fungal infections, since this type of product will help you promote the balance of your vaginal flora and reduce discomfort.
The Durex Intima Protect range has been created to take care of this delicate area, with two types of intimate hygiene gels that help balance vaginal pH and soothe discomfort and bad odor caused by loss of balance. You can opt for the Refreshing Intimate Gel or the Soothing Intimate Gel, and if you are looking for greater freshness while you are away from home, the 2-in-1 Refreshing Intimate Wipes help balance your vaginal pH and care for the area wherever you are.
Do not overdo your intimate hygiene
Although the use of specific products for the vagina is important, another factor that can trigger a natural pH imbalance is the use of vaginal douches, since we could eliminate vaginal bacteria that protect us from infections.
For this reason, douching is not recommended unless directed by your doctor. The application of talc or perfumed products in the area that are not especially indicated for vaginal care is not recommended either.
Do not unnecessarily use drugs such as antibiotics
As we have previously indicated, this type of medication can also favor an imbalance between the bacteria and fungi that are naturally found in our vagina.
Do not self-medicate and consult your doctor if, during your antibiotic treatment, you experience any type of intimate discomfort.
Avoid staying with wet clothes for a long time
Excessive humidity is a condition that favors the appearance of bacteria and fungi such as Candida Albicans . For this reason, in addition to taking off clothes such as your swimsuit while it is wet, it is also recommended to change your underwear if you have sweated a lot and to dry the vaginal area properly after bathing.
And remember that if you have vaginal yeast infections very frequently, it is recommended that you consult your gynecologist.